英语
Unit 4 学生学案
  2014-10-30  
  

Unit 4  Where’s my schoolbag? 

单词讲解:

1. where  adv.哪里;在哪里

Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。

Where there is life, there is hope. 有生命就有希望。

2. table  n. 桌子;表格

She placed the food on the table.

Please fill the words in the table.        请将词填入表格中。

词组拓展

clear the table 清理餐桌           at table (在吃饭)           at the table (在桌边)

a table of contents 目录            timetable 时间表     a school timetable课程表 

3. bed  n. 床;()底部

a double bed双人床     a single bed单人床   a bunk bed双层床  bedtime就寝时间

Life isn’t a bed of roses. 人生并非事事如意。

Early to bed, early to rise, make a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.

睡得早、起得早,聪明、富裕、身体好。

Don’t rest on the bed, or you can make the bed dirty.

4. sofa  n. 沙发

Put some red cushions on your white sofa, they lent a colorful look to your flat.

在白色沙发上放上几个红色靠垫,的确给你的房间增色了不少。

5. chair  n. 椅子;主席

Mary sat in a chair reading a novel. 玛丽坐在椅中读小说。

He is the former chair of the Atomic Energy Commission. 他是原子能委员会的前任主席。

6. under  prep. 下面;在

Where’s the schoolbag? It’s under the table.

He's still under 18. 他还不到18岁。

under repair在修缮中;     under discussion在讨论中

7. on  prep. , 属于成员

on the table          on the wall            on the farm

We shall go boating on the lake on Saturday. 我们星期六到湖上去划船。

I work both on sunny days and on rainy ones我风雨无阻地工作。

He is on the school volleyball team. 他是校排球队队员。

8. know  v. 知道

Life isn't all cakes and ale(浓啤酒), you know. 要知道生活并非都是吃喝玩乐。

I've known David for years. 我认识戴维很多年了。

9. room  n. 房间,空间,机会

This bookcase takes up a lot of room. 这个书架占据很大的空间。

I want a double room with a view. 我要一间能看到风景的双人房间。

词组拓展: make room for sb. 腾出地方给某人 

10. clock  n. 时钟

I didn’t wake up until I heard the alarm clock.直到听到闹钟的铃声我才醒来。

11. head  n. 头部;v. 前进;

We are heading home. 我们正向家的方向走去。

The film’s haunting musical theme stayed in my head for days.

那部电影挥之不去的主题旋律多日来萦绕于我的脑际。

12. model  n. 模型;模范;模特 adj.模范的

His mother is a model of industry. 他母亲是勤劳的模范。

It took him a whole day to finish making a model plane.他用了一整天的时间做完了一架飞机模型。

13. tidy  adj. 整洁的;v. 整理,收拾

Make your room as tidy as possible. 将你的房间收拾得尽量整洁一些。

Your room is in a mess, you’d better tidy it up. 你房间很乱,你最好打扫一下。

14. everywhere  adv. 处处;到处

With lovely flowers everywhere, the park is a blaze of color.公园里姹紫嫣红, 十分绚丽。

They looked everywhere for the lost child. 他们四处寻找走失的孩子。

语法讲解:

1.    Where is/are…? ……在哪里?

这是询问物品位置或方位的一种简单的提问方式,句中动词be的形式是根据句中主语的单复数(或不可数名词)而确定的。

: Where is my backpack?  It is under the table. (当询问单数或不可数名词时,回答用 it

Where are the balls? They are under the bed.  (当询问可数名词复数时,回答用they)

Where is the cokeIt is on the table. (当询问不可数名词时,回答用 it

2. 在回答有 where 的提问时,我们就要用到介词。 介词(前置词)是一种虚词,它不能单独担任句子成分,必须与名词或代词或相当名词的其它词类,短语构词介词短语,才能担任句子成分。

用适当的介词填空。

1. I only watch TV _______ Sunday evening.

2. I was born _______ May 29, 1997.

3. People like skiing (滑雪) _______ winter.

4. I often do my homework _______ seven o’clock _______ the evening.

5. The Chinese like to wear red _______ New Year’s Day.

6. There are many great movies _______ 2014.

答案: 1. on  2.on  3.in  4.at, in  5.on   6.in

3. Could you bring some things to school? 你能将一些东西拿到学校来吗?

could为情态动词,后面接动词原形。Could you…?(你能……吗?)是一种客气、礼貌地征询对方许可的句型。

句中的some是形容词,译为一些,可以修饰可数名词也可以修饰不可数名词。有同义词anysome一般用于肯定句中,any用于疑问句或否定句中。

If you save some money, we can go on holiday.要是你能存点儿钱,咱们就可以外出度假了。

She gave some of the meat to the cat. 她把一些肉给猫吃了

some 通常用于肯定句, any 通常用于否定和疑问句。

I can see some flowers. / Can you see any flowers?

但是,表示邀请别人或向别人提出要求时,为了得到肯定回答,在一般疑问句中可用some。如:

Would you like some fish? / Can you give me some apples?

someany填空:

1. Are there _______ bananas and apples in the fridge?

2. I have _______ meat but I don't have ______ vegetables.

3. There aren’t ______ people in the room.

4. Do you have ______ vegetables? I need _______.

5. Mom, I want to eat ________ noodles.

答案:1.any  2.some, any  3.any  4.any, some  5. some

4. 物主代词的用法

来表示某人或某物属于谁的的代词叫做物主代词。物主代词分为形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词两种。物主代词有人称和数的变化。
    a.
形容词性物主代词有:my, yourhisherits, ouryourtheir

常放在名词前,意为谁的       

my father, your brother
b.
名词物主代词有:mineyourshishersitsoursyourstheirs

名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词。

特别提醒:在使用名词性物主代词时,要省略的名词大家已经知道。

用所给词的正确形式填空
1. – Are these _______ (you) pencils?  –Yes, they are ______ (we).

2. – Whose pencil is this?  – It’s ______ (I).

3. She is______ (I) classmate.

4. Miss Li often looks after ________ (she) brother.

5. – Are these ________ (they) bags? – No, they aren’t ________ (they).They are ________ (we).

答案:1. your, ours  2.mine   3. my   4. her  5. their, theirs, ours

5. bring sth to sb  带给某人。

Would you bring me a glass of water? 请给我拿杯水来,好吗?

The success brought him great satisfaction. 成功给他带来极大的满足感。

take:拿走、带走某物。  bring:拿来,带来某物。

练习:用take, bring填空

1.       Please _________ these things to your parents.

2.       Please _________ your sister here when you come.

3.       __________ your umbrella with you when you go out.

答案:1. take  2.bring  3. Take

完成下列句子。

1.       那些书在书架上吗?                                 _____________________________________________

2.       我的英语字典在哪里?我不知道。     _____________________________________________

3.       你的电子游戏在床下。                             _____________________________________________

4.       在书桌上的那本数学书是汤姆的。            _____________________________________________

5.       你能给我带到学校一些东西吗?               _____________________________________________

6.       我需要一张身份证, 他需要一块橡皮。   _____________________________________________

7.       这个白色模型飞机是她的。它在书桌下面。____________________________________________

单项选择。

1. ---Why do Chinese like red?  ---Because they think it can ______them good luck.

      A. carry             B. bring             C. make            D. take

2. My books and my pen ______ on the desk.

A. am                B. is                 C. are                D. be

3. ---_______is Li Ping?   --- He is in the school library.

A. What             B. Where            C. He                  D. It

4. There’s a map of China _____the wall.

A. in                   B. on                 C. under              D. between

5. Your brother’s CDs _____in the drawer.

A. is                   B. isn’t               C. are               D. be

6. There ________ a computer on the desk.

A. are               B. have               C. has                D. is

7. --- _______the baseball on the desk?  ---Yes, it is. 

A. Does              B. Do                        C. Is                   D. Are

8. I think it’s in your ________ room.

A. parent             B. parent’s           C. parents’                 D. parent

9. He ________ a small room. ________ a nice desk in it.

A. is, There is    B. has, Has          C. have, There is   D. has, There is

10--- Are your pencils on the desk?

--- No, __________.

      A. they are           B. they aren’t               C. it isn’t            D. it is

11You can’t see the cat. She is ______ the door.

A. in                 B. under                C. behind            D. on

12. ---Are there _____ shops near here?
---Yes, there are _____ shops on Green Street.

A. any, any           B. some, some     C. some, any       D. any, some

13. ____are English notebooks. They’re ____notebooks.

   A. They; theirs      B. Them; their           C. They; their      D. Them; theirs

14. Look! _______ is under the tree over there.

   A. You brother      B. Your brother   C. Yours brother   D. You brothers

15. This is a photo _______ our classroom.

   A. of              B. at            C. for           D. to

句型转换

1.       They’re my CDs. (改为单数句)  

___________ my ________.

2. The math book is on the dresser. (变为复数)

 The ________ ________ ______ on the dresser.

4.       The keys are in the drawer. (对划线部分提问)

________ ________ the keys?

4. My computer game is in the backpack. (变为一般疑问句)

   ________ ________ computer game ________ the backpack?

完形填空1

Dear Lily,

Can you   1   some things to me? I need   2   things: a CD, a hat, a pen, a baseball and a notebook. The CD is in the CD   3    on my desk. I have two hats: a red one and a    4   one. They are on my dresser. I   5   the yellow one. The   6   is in the backpack on my chair. The baseball is   7   the chair in my room. My notebook   8   in my room. I lost it this afternoon.   9   you bring your notebook to me?

                                                                       10   

                                                                     Lily

(   ) 1. A. meet                 B. thank              C. spell                 D. bring

(   ) 2. A. three                 B. four                C. five                   D. six

(   ) 3. A. case                  B. chair               C. sofa                  D. dresser

(   ) 4. A. green                B. yellow             C. blue                  D. white

(   ) 5. A. call                   B. need                C. answer              D. take

(   ) 6. A. pen                  B. pencil               C. ruler                 D. eraser

(   ) 7. A. in                     B. for                   C. at                     D. under

(   ) 8. A. isn’t                  B. is                     C. aren’t               D. are

(   ) 9. A. Is                     B. Do                    C. Are                 D. Can

(   ) 10. A. Dear               B. Brothers             C. Nice                D. Thanks

完形填空2

   There was once a hardworking farmer who had a fine olive orchard (橄榄果园). But his three sons ___1__ farm work.

When the farmer was ___2___, he called the three sons to him and said: “My sons, there is a pot of ___3___ in the olive orchard. __4___for it, if you want it.”
   The sons tried to___5___him to tell them in what part of the orchard the gold was hidden, but he would tell them___6___more.
   After the farmer was dead, the sons went to work to find the pot of gold. ___7___ they did not know where the hiding-place was, they agreed to begin in a(n) ___8___, at one end of the orchard, and to dig until one of them should find the money.
   They dug until they had ___9___ the soil (
) from one end of the orchard to the other. But no pot of gold was to be found. The three sons were very ___10___to have done all their work for nothing.
  The next olive ___11___, the olive trees in the orchard bore more fruit than they had ever given; when it was ___12___, it gave the sons a whole pot of gold.
   When they saw how much money had come from the orchard, they suddenly understood what the wise father had meant.

(   ) 1. A. enjoyed              B. hated                        C. cared                       D. minded

(   ) 2. A. sick                     B. lonely                      C. hurt                         D. dying

(   ) 3. A. money                B. fruit                         C. gold                         D. olives

(   ) 4. A. Wait                   B. Look                         C. Care                        D. Dig

(   ) 5. A. make                  B. order                        C. let                           D. get

(   ) 6. A. something           B. anything                   C. everything                D. nothing

(   ) 7. A. Since                  B. And                          C. So                           D. But

(   ) 8. A. circle                  B. line                           C. point                        D. order

(   ) 9. A. turned up           B. turned on                  C. turned off                  D. turned around

(   ) 10. A. uncomfortable  B. disappointed              C. angry                        D. worried

(   ) 11. A. orchard            B. year                          C. season                      D. harvest

(   ) 12. A. picked              B. collected                    C. sold                         D. found

阅读。

A

This is Jim’s room. It’s not big, but it’s very clean. There is a bed in the room. It’s near the door. Under the bed, there are two balls. There is a desk and a chair near the window. There is a bookcase beside the desk. On the bookcase, there are many books and newspaper. There are two pictures in the room, too. They are on the wall.

(   ) 1. The balls are ______.

A. near the window      B. on the desk            C. under the bed         D. beside the desk

(   ) 2. Jim’s bed is ______.

A. near the door         B. near the window       C. on the bookcase      D. on the wall

(   ) 3. ______ are on the wall of Jim’s room.

A. The books             B. The balls              C. The newspapers     D. The pictures

(   ) 4. Jim’s ______ are on his bookcase.

A. books                 B. newspaper            C. pictures               D. A and B

(   ) 5. Jim’s room is ______.

A. big                     B. not clean              C. dirty                   D. not big

B

     London’s River Thames(泰晤士河) has twenty-seven bridges. But Tower Bridge, the first bridge over the Thames as you travel to London from the sea, is the most famous of them all. What makes Tower Bridge so exciting? Why do visitors come from all over the world to see it?

The thing that is surprising about Tower Bridge is that it is open in the middle.  It does this to let the big ships through to the pool(水域) of London. If you are lucky enough to see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air, you will never forget it.

On its north side stands the Tower of London itself. Although they look the same age, the Tower is almost a thousand years old, and Tower Bridge is only about one hundred. It was built in 1890s. By 1850, everyone agreed that a bridge across the Thames near the Tower was most necessary. But the designers argued(争论) about the new bridge for another thirty years. It took so long because they had two big problems.

(   ) 1. Tower Bridge is __________. 

A. about one thousand years old   

B. the oldest and the most famous bridge in London

C. the first one you can see when you go from the sea to London

D. the one that took workers about 30 years to build

(   ) 2. The Tower of London is __________.

A. across the Thames                        B. on the north of Tower Bridge

C. in the middle of Tower Bridge      D. much younger than Tower Bridge

(   ) 3. From the passage we can learn that __________.

A. you have to go from the sea to see Tower Bridge

B. the Tower of London looks as old as the Tower Bridge

C. Tower Bridge had two big problems

D. you can see Tower Bridge open its arms at any time

(   ) 4. The sentence "It does this to let the big ships through to the Pool of London." means _________.     

A. It opens in the middle to let the big ships through to the Pool of London

B. It looks great if you watch it from a big ship to the Pool of London

C. It closes its arms if the big ships go through to the Pool of London

D. It opens when many people come by ship to go through to the Pool of London

C

Years ago, I lived in a building in a large city. The building next door was only a few feet away from mine. There was a woman who lived there, whom I had never met, yet I could see her seated by her window each afternoon, sewing(缝纫)or reading.

After several months had gone by, I began to notice that her window was dirty. Everything was unclear through the dirty window. I would say to myself, “I wonder why that woman doesn’t wash her window. It really looks terrible.”

One bright morning I decided to clean my flat, including washing the window inside. Late in the afternoon when I finished the cleaning, I sat down by the window with a cup of coffee for a rest. What a surprise! Across the way, the woman sitting by her window was clearly visible(可见的). Her window was clean!

Then it dawned on me. I had been criticizing(批评) her dirty window, but all the time I was watching hers through my own dirty window.

That was quite an important lesson for me. How often had I looked at and criticized others through the dirty window of my heart, through my own shortcomings(缺点)? Since then, whenever I wanted to judge(评判)someone, I asked myself first, “Am I looking at him through my own dirty window?” Then I try to clean the window of my own world so that I may see the world about me more clearly. 

(   ) 1. The writer was surprised that______.

          A. the woman was sitting by her window    

          B. the woman’s window was clean

         C. the woman did cleaning in the afternoon 

         D. the woman’s window was still terrible

(   ) 2. “It dawned on me” probably means “_______”.

          A. I began to understand it                         B. it cheered me up

          C. I knew it grew light                               D. it began to get dark

(   ) 3. It’s clear that_______.

          A. the writer had never met the woman before

          B. the writer often washed the window

          C. they both worked as cleaners

          D. they lived in a small town

(   ) 4. From the passage, we can learn that______.

          A. one shouldn’t criticize others very often

          B. one should often make his windows clean

          C. one must judge himself before he judges others

          D. one must look at others through his dirty windows

阅读短文还原句子。

My name is Yang Lu. I am thirteen. I am in Grade Seven. There are three people in my family, my father and I. ____1____There are four rooms in the house. We live a happy life.

My room is clean. My flowers are on the table. My family photos are on the wall. My computer is near my bookcase. _____2____ My parents buy them for me. I like reading books very much. The sofa is next to the bookcase. My bed is between the bookcase and the dresser. On the dresser, there is a table lamp.

I have a good friend at school. Her name is Wang Li. She is thirteen, too. _____3_____ There are 52 students in our class — twenty-two boys and thirty girls. _____4_____ We help each other. We are all good students and friends.

A. We are both in Class Eight.

B. We come from different primary schools

C. There are a lot of interesting books in the bookcase.

D. I often help my parents clean my room.

E. We live in a big house.

任务型阅读。

What is a supermarket? In the dictionary, a supermarket is a large self-service department store. Some supermarkets have two floors. When you enter such a supermarket, an elevator will take you to the second floor. Here you can buy things such as CDs, pens, clothes, TVs and refrigerators. After you have collected the things you want to buy on the second floor, you can go downstairs to the first floor where food and drinks are sold. You can also buy fresh fruit, vegetables and meat on this floor.

    People like to go shopping in the supermarket. Here are some of the reasons.

    First, the prices are reasonable. The prices are lower than those in special shops and you can choose whatever you want, without gong place to place.

    Second, the service is excellent. You can walk around freely and no one will ask you, “What can I do for you?” If you can’t find anything, just ask a service person and he or she will tell you where it is at once.

    Third, the quality is good. If you get home and find the food has gone bad, you can return it and they will say sorry and change it for you.

    Now many people don’t have much time to walk from one shop to another, so people choose to go to the supermarket in order to save time and money.

    What’s more, if you don’t want to buy anything, you can just come and look around in the supermarket. It’s a good place to have a walk.

1.       What is a supermarket?

______________________________________________________________________________

2.       Can you buy fresh fruit, vegetables and meat in the supermarket?

______________________________________________________________________________

3.       How many reasons are given for going to the supermarket?

______________________________________________________________________________

4.       Do people have to buy things or not when they are in a supermarket?

______________________________________________________________________________

5.       What does the passage want to tell us?

______________________________________________________________________________

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