英语
Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?
  2016-03-28  

I.重点难点

1.—______ I hang out with my friends?

 —Sorry, you ______.

 A. Could; couldn’t.     B. Should; couldn’t.     C. Could; can’t.    D. Should; can’t

Could表示礼貌提出要求和向别人征询许可

  • 提问的常用表达

用法

句型

例句

礼貌提出请求

Polite request.

(ask sb. to do sth.)

Could you please (not) do...?

请你(不要)做….好吗?

 

Could you please take out the rubbish?

请你把垃圾倒掉好吗?

委婉征求许可

Ask for permission.(ask sb. to let you do sth.)

Could I do…?

我可以做…吗?

Could I leave right now?

我现在可以离开了吗?

  • 答语注意的问题

注意事项

例句

肯定回答常用

Certainly./Sure./Of course./Ok.等

—Could you please go out with me?

—Of course.

否定回答时,通常以sorry开头。

要用can’t,不能用couldn’t

—Could I hang out with my friends?

—Sorry, you can’t.


2. For one week, she did not do any housework and _____________ did I. (P19)

    在一周的时间里,她没做任何家务,我也没做。

    neither基本用法:

    neither用作代词,意为“两者都不,双方均不”。

    e.g.—Which one would you like, the yellow one or the blue one?

     —________, I want the green one.

    neither补充用法:

    (1) neither用于倒装句(部分倒装)。意为“也不”。

      e.g. He is not a teacher and ___________________. 他不是老师,我也不是。

    (2) neither…nor…意为“既不…也不…”,谓语动词要遵循“就近原则”。

      e.g. Neither I nor he ______ wrong. 我和他都没错。

    (3) neither作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

      e.g. Neither of us ______ been to London. 

【拓展】

     either…or…“要么...要么...”; not only...but (also)... “不但...而且...”谓语也遵循“就近原则”

EX(1)Either you or I _______ wrong.不是你错了,就是我错了。

    (2)Not only I but he ________ soccer.我和他都喜欢足球。

3. “What happened?” she asked ______________.她惊讶地问道:“发生什么事了?”(P19)

【辨析】

    (1)in surprise意为“惊奇地”,常位于动词之后作状语,表示方式。

    (2)to one’s surprise意为“使某人吃惊的是”,常位于句首,作状语,表示行为的结果。

EX(1) She looked at me _____________________ and asked after a long while, “Didn’t you just leave for Australia this morning?” (她非常惊讶的看着我)

    (2)_____________________, the door was unlocked.让我惊讶的是,门没有锁。

 

4. Could I ________ that book? Yes, sure. No problem. I finished reading it last night. (P20)
    我可以借看那本书吗?没问题,当然可以。我昨天晚上读完了。

    Could you ________ me some money? Hmm. How much do you need? (P20)

    你可以借给我一些钱吗?你需要多少?

    (1)borrow意为“借入”,常用结构为“borrow sth from sb”从某人那里借来某物。

    (2)lend意为“借出”,常用结构为“lend sth to sb”把某物借给某人。

EX(1)I couldn’t afford to buy any, so I __________ them _______ the library.

    (2)e.g. I __________ my CD player _______ Dave and I haven’t got it back yet.

 

II.词汇学习

    1. depend on  依赖;相信;信赖;随…而定

     (1)Few non-profits pay well and manydepend onvolunteers.

       没有几个非营利机构工资丰厚,很多还要___________志愿者。  

     (2)Choosing the right bikedepends onwhat you want to use it for.

      选择适合的自行车_____________你的用途。  

      independence (n.)独立,自立      independent (adj.)独立的,自立的

    (1)Having a job gives you financial _________________.有个工作你就能获得经济独立。

    (2)She would like to be financially _________________. 她希望在经济上能够自立。

    2.provide (v. )供给;提供;给予                             

      Could youprovide me withthe information about the hotel?你能给我提供关于酒店的信息吗?

      Could youprovidethe information about the hotelforme?

    3. drop (v.)(使)降低;(使)下降;(使)减少

    (1)The Dutch team havedroppedto the fifth place.荷兰队已________至第五名。

    (2)Don’tdropthat plate.不要把那个盘子_________了

      drop (n.) a drop in prices/grades/temperature.

    4. fairness (n.)公平;公道;公正

      Our teacher is known for her fairness in grading pupils.我们的老师以给学生评分公平著称.

      fair (adj.)合理的;公平的;公正的     unfair (adj.)

      ______________________________________________ do such a hard job. He is too young.

      我认为让这个孩子做这么难的工作太不公平了。他还太小。  

Keys:

I.重点难点

1. C 2. neither,neither 1neither am I2is 3has【拓展】 (1)am (2)likes

3. in surprise   EX (1)in great surprise  (2)To my surprise

4. borrow, lend   EX (1)borrowed...from  (2)lent...to

II.词汇学习

1. (1)依靠 (2)取决于  (1)independence (2)independent   3.(1)下降 (2)摔

4. I think it’s unfair to make the boy


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